In chapters 8 and 9 of genesis we read about the end of the flood and God’s promise to Noah. God also seals a covenant with Noah and his sons and gives them dominance over the earth. This covenant will in later years be obligatory for all peoples dwelling in the promised land. While non Israelites were not expected to keep all the Laws of Moses, they were expected to abide by the noahic covenant. Some speculated that even during Roman occupation some gentiles abided by these laws and are the ones referred to as “God fearers” in the New Testament.
In psalm 4 we read about David crying out for deliverance from his enemies, and this can remind us that even those closest to God can go through dark times but He is always near us.
Mathew 4 is the temptation of Jesus by satan in the desert, where He submitted Himself to temptation to show us a way to resist the ever present call of the world and the flesh to sin. He then begins His ministry by calling Andrew and his brother Simon (Peter) to follow Him.